In the Dead Sea area, processes in climate, water availability, and tectonics change drastically and rapidly. For a sound process understanding, risk estimation, and prognosis, a profound database of environmental variables is crucial.
Therefore, DESERVE will establish and operate a trans-boundary high-quality monitoring network of seismic, geodynamic, hydrological, and meteorological stations in the Dead Sea region.
The seismic/geodynamic observations will include the monitoring of seismicity and stress, radon exhalation in the vicinity of faults, magneto-tellurics to monitor magnetic field variations, and GPS measurements to detect surface deformation.
Hydrological measurements of rainfall and discharge as well as meteorological systems to monitor air temperature, humidity, solar radiation, haze characteristics, and wind systems will be established.
These observations will be combined with surface observations from satellite-based systems.
All data will be real time and open to the public.
For the first time, temporally and spatially coincident high-quality measurements of climate, water, and solid earth will be available. The main task of WP3 is the spatio-temporal combination of the monitored variables to shed light on the coupling and interaction of climatic, hydrological, and tectonic processes. The integrated process understanding can serve as the basis for a long-term perspective on water availability, climate change, and environmental risks in the Dead Sea region.
Contact: Prof. Dr. Michael Weber